Fruit trees are enchanting in any garden and are pleasurable to see. Over the spring, the empty branches of the winter become magical sticks that flourish and become filled with delicious fruits later on.
Don't worry, nothing is secret and mysterious about cultivating fruit trees. Fruit trees have a few simple needs to keep them in tip top condition that can easily be provided by almost any person.
Autumn Through Spring
You should place a safety mesh around the bottom level of young fruit trees in particular. Netting or mesh will prevent the bark being nibbled by rodents during the winter when these pests will seek out alternative food sources.
In winter, sunlight reflecting off the snow's surface and warming up the trunk of your fruit tree (especially saplings) can damage or kill the tree. Paint the bottom of the trunk with a 50/50 blend of white latex paint and water as a safeguard. Throughout the night, the chilly air will surround the trunk and it will often crack it. This may be a dangerous condition, since those cracks are perfect places for bugs that can eat your tree alive.
During the springtime, on a calm day with hardly any wind and the temperature 4 degrees C minimum, it's a good chance to clean up your tree. Using garden shears you might make your tree into an attractive shape and open out the top centre of the tree. Keep horizontal limbs approx 10 to 15 cms apart from each other to allow air circulation.
Always keep your tree free from dead or diseased branches by trimming them off with a clean cut. As soon as any shoots appear trim them off too. The limbs that grow out horizontally must be left uncut as you will be wanting these to bear fruit. Use special equipment to check the heights of the trees and then cut back the vertical branches to have the same length as the horizontal ones. This will guarantee the maximum supply of fruit.
Watering your tree is very important. A tree plagued by lack of water is at the mercy of diseases and insect pests during the crucial period when the buds break in spring. This is crucial if you want to have delectable fruit growing in spring and summer.
If you'd like the branches to grow straighter, then train them with a support. Never allow the horizontal branches to get so close that they shade out the light source from each other. The more light they receive then the more fruit they are able to produce. To be able to improve the productivity of the trees, you can spread them manually using the special devices or by linking them one to another using ropes. Even so, it is best to let the tree to grow on its own until the age of four.
It is important that your fruit tree is pollinated during the early spring when the bloom is out. This job is done by bees that can be enticed to your tree by using a chemical substance which is used either early in the morning or after sunset.